## What is an Asymptote in Calculus

In mathematical terms, an asymptote is a curve that approaches infinity, asymptotes are lines that appear parallel to it.

### Types of Asymptotes in Calculus

*There are three types of Asymptote in math.*

1. Horizontal Asymptote |

2. Vertical Asymptote |

3. Oblique Asymptote |

### Difference between Horizontal Vertical and Oblique Asymptotes

### How to find Horizontal Asymptote of Exponential Function?

**Horizontal Asymptote:** A horizontal asymptote occurs when A curve approaches some constant value b as x approaches infinity (or *infinity)..

### How to find Vertical Asymptote of Exponential Function

** Vertical Asymptote:** A horizontal asymptote occurs when a function of X approaches some constant, **c** (from the left or right) then the curve continues to infinity (or −infinity).

### What is Oblique Asymptote?

**Oblique Asymptote:** A Oblique Asymptote occur when, as **x** goes to infinity (or −infinity) the curve then becomes a line **y=mx+b**

### Asymptote for a Curve Definition in Math

**Definition: **A straight line l is called an asymptote for a curve C if the distance between l and C approaches zero as the distance moved along** ** l (from some fixed point on l ) tends to infinity.

The curve C can approach asymptote l as one moves along l in one direction, or in the opposite direction, or in both directions.

### How to Find Equation of Horizontal Asymptote?

Suppose the equation y\;=\;f(x) of ** **C

**is such that y is real and y\rightarrow a as X\rightarrow\infty or X\rightarrow-\infty then y\;=\;a is a Horizontal asymptote. For, the distance between the curve and the straight line y\;=\;a is y\;-\;a and this approaches zero as X\rightarrow\infty or X\rightarrow-\infty.**

### How to Find Equation of Vertical Asymptote?

If the equation of C is such that y is real and Y\rightarrow\infty or Y\rightarrow-\infty as x\rightarrow a from one side then the straight line x = a is a vertical asymptote.

To see this, observe that (1) x – a is the distance between the curve and the straight line and that this distance is supposed to approach zero (2) Y\rightarrow\infty or Y\rightarrow-\infty as x\rightarrow a , so that

\lim_{y\rightarrow\pm\infty}\;(x-a)\;=\;\lim_{x\rightarrow a}\;(x-a)\;=\;0Thus, to locate vertical asymptotes we have to find a number a such that \lim_{x\rightarrow a}\;y\;=\;\infty\;or\;-\infty

**Similarly**, if y\rightarrow mx\;+\;c as x\rightarrow\infty or x\rightarrow-\infty then y\;=\;mx\;+\;c is an asymptotes ( which is neither vertical nor horizontal).

**Thus,** we inquire for \lim_{x\rightarrow\pm\infty}\;y is studying asymptotes.

### Find Horizontal and Vertical asymptote for Algebraic equations

*For Algebraic equations, we can find horizontal and vertical asymptotes as follows:*

For horizontal asymptotes we write the given equation in the form x\;=\;\frac{\psi(y)}{\theta(y)} and consider those values of** y for which** \theta(y)\;=\;0.

Similarly, to find a verticle asyptote, we write the given equation in the form y\;=\frac{f(x)}{g(x)} and consider those value of x for which **g(x) = 0**.

**Working Rule for Asymptotes Parallel to the Axes**

In an equation of a curve, the coefficient of the highest power of x (respectively of y) equated to zero gives asymptotes (if any) parallel to the x-axis (respectively y-axis)